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Welcome!

March 13, 2012

This site is about getting your first job as a humanitarian aid worker. Whether you want to run refugee camps, micro credit programs or health programs, this is my personal opinion (not my employer’s) about ways to make the transition to international relief and development work.

If you find this site at least as useful as a coffee and a bagel, and wonder how you can possibly thank me, please consider buying my e-book on Amazon! Getting your first job in relief and development.

My take on getting a job as a humanitarian aid worker is organized by chapters (on the right-hand side under the heading Book chapters) – and is supposed to be read top-to-bottom more or less like a book. Book reviews and other pieces are posted below. Find out more about this blog here.

Please read the disclaimer, and understand that this line of work is not risk free. You need to do your own research, make your own decisions, and take responsibility for them.

If this site is as useful to you as a book you might have paid for please consider buying my new Kindle eBook, which contains much of the content from this site, thoughtfully formatted for off-line reading on a Kindle, iPad, laptop, or other e-reader. It’s $6, and honestly, what can you get for that these days? Get it here

One more thing – I would love anyone who likes this site to go to Amazon and review the e-book – it really helps me to recover some of the costs of hosting this site – thanks!

We answer phones at a relief org, and we direct almost all of our requests for informational interviews to this resource. It's an honest, clear summary of what you need in order to work in international relief. Thanks for this great reference.

Should I get my foot in the door, or hold out for a better job?

July 27, 2015

Q. Hi Nick,

I am volunteering in Uganda as a financial consultant for a local NGO and have been offered a finance internship with an international relief agency or 6 months. I already have 18 months in graduate finance/accounting experience from home in Australia. Finance is not my passion, and I want to be in operations more, but this is that ‘foot in the door’. For me, I’m trying to decide whether to take this opportunity or hold out for better paid spots. Your page here essentially tells me to “take the career hit” and start from the bottom. Do you agree? Thanks, Rhys

A. Hi Rhys,

My short answer is ‘yes’ – take the hit, take any job, and then once you have a few months of experience under your belt you can use it to leverage a move into other areas.

The biggest single issue that prevents people from getting their dream job in international work is not having appropriate field experience. This is important because, without it, hiring managers are worried that you might not know what you’re letting yourself in for. They are worried you might end up in a country and decide that, after all, you don’t really like the conditions. Six months to a year of developing world experience on your resume is all you will really need to convince them otherwise.

Your experience in finance will give you good insight into how aid operations work, and an ops manager with a strong finance background is a very desirable proposition! Take the job, take every opportunity you can to help integrate finance and ops (they should be tightly nit anyway!), and I don’t think you should have a hard time moving into operations in a few months time.

Good luck – let us know how you do!

Nick

What subject should I take in school (again)?

July 19, 2015

OK – so I get this question so often I’m going to take them three at a time this time around. I feel like I’ve answered it on the page ‘What should I study in university to get a job in humanitarian work?‘, but I still get it so often that it might be worth repeating.

So here goes – Natlie writes “Hi Nick, I’m 16 and exploring what I might be interested to do as a profession. I went on a short-term mission trip to Guatemala and it was really interesting to see the way that helping people in developing countries is really complicated. Now I’m looking into what I might want to major in college for humanitarian aid work. I took an AP Human Geography course and it was more interesting than any other class I’ve taken to me so I was thinking possibly Geography and Spanish as majors. How would that do to set me up in the field? Thanks!

Nasra writes “Hi … I’ll be starting college soon. I’ve always wanted to help people around the world learn about different cultures but the thing is I don’t know which courses to take I want to be a humanitarian relief worker do u think majoring in international studies would help me get there if not what do u suggest I take?

Jen writes “Hi Nick, as most above I am passionate about working for an international humanitarian aid organization. I have an undergraduate degree in management. I am debating between taking a Masters in Public Health or an International MBA. Do you have thoughts on which Masters degree would be best to take in order to get my foot in the door to work for an International Humanitarian Aid organization?

OK – so – let’s deal with this head on. I don’t think what you take in college matters much at all. You should take what you’re interested in. Clearly, something with an international bent might be viewed more favorably, but what matters most is overseas experience.

That said – there are a couple of occasions when what you take does matter:

1. If you really want to work in Spanish-speaking Latin America (and I want to try to convince you not to!), you will need fluent Spanish. The same goes for the Russian speaking world, or French-speaking West Africa. Other than that, languages don’t make much difference (clearly they are always a plus, but when an agency is hiring for Vanuatu, not speaking Bislama will not be a deal-breaker).

2. If you want to work in public health, having an MPH is pretty important. Likewise, if you want to work as an engineer, an engineering degree will help, and if you want to be a doctor or a nurse, well, you see where I’m going with this.

Other than that, it doesn’t matter. I have an undergraduate degree in psychology, and a masters in Post-war recovery studies. Do you know how many times in interviews anyone has asked me about my university work? What courses I took? How many times anyone has ever asked to see my transcripts? Never. Not once.

Do you want to wager how many times I’ve been asked about my field experience? Every single time. Let me repeat myself in case I wasn’t clear:

1. I don’t think it matters what you take in school, unless you subject is a technical specialty you will need.

2. I don’t think a graduate degree will help you get your first job (for more on this see this post).

So – take what you’re interested in, use the time to study development issues, and get as much overseas experience and as many internships as you can!

Good luck!

Nick

Jobs in Texas?

July 1, 2015

Q. Hi Nick,

This website has been very helpful and I am going to buy your book to get even more insight. I am new to the international development world and am trying to get my foot in the door. My biggest struggle right now is that I cannot relocate. I live in Dallas, Texas. I have been looking for a career position that is based in TX but where I could still travel internationally for aid relief throughout the year. It seems that all organizations that have a home office in the United States are based in Washington DC. I am looking for something like project management where I could work on clean water projects, food aid, etc in the developing countries but work mostly out of Texas. Do you know any organizations like this in Texas? Any advice for me on how to get my foot in the door? Thank you!
-Jenni

A. Hi Jenni,

Thank you – glad you liked the site!

First off – you are right that many aid organizations in the US have their headquarters in Washington DC, but there are also lots that don’t. IRC, CRS, CARE, Mercy Corps, IMC, and World Vision spring to mind immediately (although it’s certainly true that they have representational offices in DC as well). The reason for the DC thing is ease of access to the US federal government, where most of the money for international aid comes from.

Second – Unfortunately you don’t mention what kind of skills, and experience you have, so I don’t know how realistic your goal of working on water and food aid projects are. Most of the people who are technical advisors or evaluators based in the US with travel are people with years of experience who can go and give advice to those based in field locations. That kind of consulting arrangement is rare for people without impressive resumes.

My advice would be, honestly, that if you don’t want to live and work overseas for years at a time, you should seriously consider whether this is the career for you. In most organizations its very hard to get promoted without those years of field experience.

There are a lot of ways to have impact on important issues in Texas – one thing that springs to mind is that the IRC has a substantial program helping refugees arriving in the US to settle and integrate. If I were working with you as a career counsellor I would ask you to unpack what about the situation that you describe really inspires you, and think about ways to get that outside of international relief. Trying to square the circle of living in Texas and getting your foot in the door may not be a good idea.

Good luck, and let us know how you do,

Nick

16 year old with no skills?

June 12, 2015

Q. Hi Nick,

I want to volunteer in aid work. I’m a 16 year old Canadian with no skills, just an able body. Is this possible?

Peter

A. Hi Peter,

First off – I want to recognize your desire to help, and salute that as a noble thing. I don’t want to sound negative, but as you know, when someone says that they don’t want to sound a certain way, it’s because they are about to do just that!

There are two main issues here – the first is that you are a young man with ‘no skills’ – I’m afraid the developing world is not short of that particular commodity. In fact, you probably lack the basic skills of getting by in culture and speaking the local language that your counterparts in other countries do have, plus nobody will have to pay to ship them overseas and support them there. So my short answer is that this isn’t much demand for unskilled volunteers.

Secondly though, the question presupposes that there is a lot of unskilled work to be undertaken, which I don’t really think is the case. Development and relief work is a sophisticated and skilled undertaking, with potential serious downside risks. In few other professions would someone say that while they have no skills they want to have a go.

So – my advice is this – go to college, get some skills, travel and work a little overseas and see if you’re serious about a career in this line of work.

Good luck!

Nick

Development studies degree from a less developed country?

June 8, 2015
Q. Hi Nick,
I am from one of the least developed country, I studied bachelor in development studies. Than I went to one of the best university in Europe to study masters in development economics. Academically, I gained quantitative and qualitative stills, specialized in development with a hope to make my career in ‘development industry’. I gained 2 year field experience (part time) during my bachelor degree did 3 month internship in survey, data collection, and so forth. I also did some quantitative analysis job for research projects during my master.
Now after my studies are over, I am struggling to put my foot in the door.
My question is that will an internship in cities like Geneva, Hauge, Brussels or Vienna help to land up somewhere?
Secondly, why does the development industry make students work free during internship? I mean students from developing country can’t afford to stay in such cities and work for free unless those internship are only meant for students from developed countries or rich ones. If so than for those who cannot afford such internship, one of the door is closed! Finally, as I find it very difficult to find a job in development, I plan to pursue a second master degree in economics (now not with development anymore) and go into a corporate career or an academic career. 
I would appreciate your advice. 
Thank you.
A. Hi there –
Congratulations on your degree – I’m afraid the problem you’re facing isn’t unusual. While you have some internship experience, reading between the lines I don’t think that you have what aid agencies consider ‘work experience’ in the developing world. Internships in Geneva can sometimes be helpful, certainly in building networks of contacts, but rarely translate directly into jobs in the field. I can only suggest the same advice that I give to most people – you need to find ways to get experience living and working in the kinds of places you want to work. You don’t mention what country you’re from, but you may want to look at the UK’s VSO program.
To your second question, the answer is that they can. Organizations that struggle to make ends meet and don’t have sufficient funding to carry out their core mission find it advantageous to get free labor. It is a shame that that disadvantages candidates from less privileged backgrounds, and if I could change it I would, but that’t the reason.
If I were you I would not pursue a second masters degree unless you have a very specific reason to do so. It rarely helps you find a job, and won’t give you the critical field experience you need.
Good luck!
Nick

Low cost disaster housing

May 27, 2015

Q. Hi Nick,

I run a small business designing, engineering and building low cost, environmentally friendly houses. In the past, I have worked alongside my father to assist in the development of remote communities in Vanuatu, Papua New Guinea and remote Aboriginal communities in Australia. We have developed several innovative systems of building and water storage which are simple, cost effective, can be easily made cyclone or earthquake proof,and can be easily flat packed into shipping containers.

The buildings and subfloors are designed to be assembled in a day using basic tools, and will remain permanent (but can be easily disassembled and moved). I feel this would suit the purpose of disaster relief perfectly, and help disaster stricken communities rebuild immediately, rather than providing them with inadequate, or temporary shelter (quite often with little improvement to preexisting structures).

We have a small, hard working team of builders, engineers and architects, who would all love the opportunity to work alongside local communities to develop or rebuild. The aid work we have done in the past has proven to be very successful, and has helped to educate locals with practical knowledge as well as many life skills. However, previous funding has only allowed for small scale developments.

How would you recommend I get involved with some larger humanitarian organizations?

Regards,
Alex

A. Hi Alex – thanks for the question. First off I want to point out that I am completely unable to speak to the merits of your particular technology, but this is a question I get a lot – not on this blog, but in my day job at a humanitarian organization. Every time there is a disaster in the news I reliably get 4-5 emails from people and companies with some kind of product or service to help humanitarian responders. The vast majority of them get ignored, for a couple of major reasons:

  • International humanitarian organizations are very conservative about adopting new technologies. They worry that, while your shelter solution might be better, there might also be some hidden flaw that will end up causing unintended grief to them and others. Under pressure and with tight time constraints, procurement managers tend to play it safe and go with tried and tested solutions.
  • Procurement for disasters is typically managed regionally, with requests for bids from suppliers published in the relevant region. If you don’t see those, it can be very hard to compete.
  • Finding the right person in a humanitarian organization to champion your idea can be really hard.

That isn’t to say that humanitarian organizations are uninterested in innovation and new solutions though – most of the major ones conduct regular field trials of new approaches and products. So here are a couple of tips that I have for connecting and getting on the inside track:

  • Don’t contact organizations in the weeks after a major disaster. Everyone is busy, and is not interested in testing something new.
  • Understand the structure of the organization you’re targeting. In your case you need to figure out who is responsible for shelter, site planning, refugee or displacement issues, or infrastructure. Figuring out exactly who it is you want to talk to is an art, not a science.
  • Understand what solution the organization is currently using, and be able to talk about the two side-by-side.
  • Look for ways to get a demonstration unit to the organization at no cost to them. Even if the cost is modest, this can be a big impediment for organizations whose major revenue is linked to specific donor budgets. Either front the cost yourself, or look to see if a foundation or private donor might fund a public trial of the technology.
  • You might want to approach a local university to see if they would be interested in conducting a side-by-side trial of your solution – an independent endorsement can go a long way.

Hope that helps!

Nick

Should I get on a plane to Nepal and volunteer to help?

April 25, 2015
tags:
Bhaktapur, Nepal. February 2006

Bhaktapur, Nepal. February 2006

On April 25th 2015 Nepal was hit by an a devastating earthquake that killed thousands. For those wishing to help I would recommend a generous donation to Mercy Corps, an organization I have personal experience with that has existing programs and staff in Nepal. For other options take a look at the New York Times’ recommendations.

I feel conflicted about even posting on this issue, but I have already had questions asking whether it’s a good idea to get on a plane and go volunteer or look for jobs in Nepal. Well – the short answer is “no – don’t do this“. The slightly longer answer is that this isn’t a good idea – you risk making things worse by traveling to an area you don’t know, getting in the way, getting hurt, and / or putting more strain on relief efforts at a critical time.

That said. This is a difficult issue. While on the one hand it seems tasteless even to be talking about looking for work while the dust has literally yet to settle in Nepal, the fact is that aid workers are employed where there are disasters, just as doctors are employed only because there are sick people. The aid community does not have an unlimited number of people to deploy to new disasters. While existing staff in country will mount the initial international response, and national efforts will make up the bulk of assistance, many people, local and international, will be hired into the aid business for the first time as a result of the Nepal earthquake.

People who are on the ground with skills that are needed by aid groups, be they national or expatriate, can and should be hired to fill vital roles, and this is one of the ways that new people get their first opportunities, especially since the aid world tends not to hire people without prior field experience. Certainly earthquakes and other natural disasters are a much more forgiving recruiting channel than wars and civil unrest.

So – for someone who is serious about making a career of international relief and development (not simply wanting to go help for a few weeks), and ready to get their first field job, my answer to the question “should I get on a plane to Nepal” would be pretty similar to my usual advice on this issue:

No. Not yet, at least. Wait until search and rescue operations are complete, and the danger of getting in the way of life-saving activities is past. Then, if you’re serious, do your research (there’s much more advice elsewhere on this blog about that) and then get on a plane to the nearest unaffected city.

As of three days after the quake in Nepal it is being reported that taxis are not functioning in Katmandu, there are no hotel rooms available, the single runway is overcrowded with relief flights, and food and water are in short supply. DON’T show up in a place with these conditions – wait until things normalize at least to the point where regular infrastructure functions.

Figure out where the major aid agencies are basing their operations, make sure that there is functioning tourist infrastructure (hotels, taxis etc) so that you are not being a burden, and then go knock on doors and volunteer. Don’t make a nuisance of yourself, introduce yourself without getting in the way, explain what you’re good at, and ask if there is anything that you can do to help. Chances are if you are gracefully persistent, someone will be able to put you to work.”

Nepal 2006

Nepal 2006

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